Monday, August 24, 2020

Lung cancer policy Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 words

Lung malignant growth strategy - Term Paper Example Contrasted and a blend of other threatening diseases like colon malignant growth, bosom malignant growth, and the more recognizable prostate malignant growth, the malignancy of lungs executes a greater number of individuals than the three referenced tumors joined. Such is the dangerous and disturbing circumstance of malignant growth of the lung. The straightforward clarification behind this is, prostate malignancy is inclined to men just, while bosom disease is progressively inclined to ladies. That is an appear differently in relation to lung disease, the harm isn't explicit to sexual orientation, and it cuts across the two ladies and men, subsequently making a larger number of passings than different kinds of malignancies. In the whole of the country, continuously 2007 there were generally around 400,000 individuals who had made due through lung malignancy. This threat has the most reduced paces of endurance contrasted with bosom or prostate malignancy which have somewhat higher paces of endurance. Thus since endurance from the malignancy involves irregularity, this has consistently come about to absence of enough subsidizing and even less inspiration in making attention to the disease. As of now in the United States the likelihood of creating malignancy in any person’s life is with the end goal that 1 man in each 13 men will regularly be analyzed in your life time. What's more, every 1 lady in each 16 ladies will be analyzed over a similar period. Research on the spending on the lung malignant growth completed in 2004 show that the United States has been burning through 9.6 billion dollars for every year in the treatment and conclusion of lung disease. In men, the threat analysis of the malignant growth is high among the high contrast men contrasted with Hispanic Asian or Pacific Islander men. In ladies there is higher measurements in white ladies in spite of other racial gatherings. With regards to endurance basing on a similar ethnic or racial gatherings the information is as outlined beneath in table 1.2, this is a general normal 5-year endurance rate-: In diagnostics over portion of the determination typically happens when the malignancy is at cutting edge stages, just 16% of the analysis occurs at prior stages. 25% of

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Education on health promotion Essay

The announcement of the issue of this examination investigates the relationship that exists among instruction and the advancement of wellbeing. The scientist expects to distinguish how instruction can be utilized to advance wellbeing in networks and furthermore how the soundness of the individuals can be influenced by training. Besides, the analyst plans to fill the holes left by different scientists on how the individuals relates straightforwardly with the training they get at the end of the day what great or unexpected weakness does to the instruction part. It additionally targets taking a gander at the different roads set forward to take care of the issue of wellbeing and training. Through this exploration, information that is significant for the advancement of wellbeing will be uncovered to be utilized during strategy making. The principal sub-issue is to decide the degree of the impact that instruction has on the strength of individuals. The specialist expects to break down the progressions that individuals make once they are taught on better wellbeing advancing propensities. There is additionally an investigation of which are the best zones for this instruction to be given. There is have to see whether schools are the most available spots to the entire network and if the individuals esteem the data they get from that point. Moreover, there is have to take a gander at the effect of wellbeing approaches in schools which energize smart dieting and physical exercise among the understudies. The second sub-issue is to concocted the most proficient procedure that will profit the entire network. Since the network comprises of all way of individuals who show various ways of life and foundations, by what means will the soundness of every one of these individuals be advanced? The exploration will involve offering conversation starters to the immediate recipients of wellbeing advancement and contrast their recommendations and the arrangements that have just been progressed and get the opportunity to build up the effect of those remarks. This will at that point help the approach makers’ once it comes to making arrangements that can be executed and acknowledged by the individuals who the strategy expects to profit. How are the individuals to be taught? It has just been supported that training is significant, yet how are the individuals to be taught and by what means will the instruction be actualized? Will the individuals change their ways of life and who will make them utilize the information picked up? The examination undertaking to be handled is legitimate as in it will give information that different analysts have left. It is essential to take note of that after the scientist led the writing audit, a few holes were recognized that should have been tended to. Much as these past specialists addressed all parts of the point, they neglected to sufficiently show how the examination issue could be tackled. They neglected to distinguish the roads that can be utilized by the approach producers and the implementers that guarantee that they advantage the individuals. The specialist has talked with the course educator who is an exploration master and has really gone further to include the companions to get peer survey of the subjects importance. The undertaking targets improving manners by which the soundness of the networks can be upgraded. In doing this they accidentally help in the national economy. It will target building up the people’s sees on the approaches set up and their emotions towards the data they get with respect to their wellbeing status. Since the specialist has assessed the writing accessible in this field and furthermore done a surveillance visit to the regions focused, there is plentiful information on what has just been looked into and there is little chance of the examination being a rehash of another. Notwithstanding all these, there is have to recognize that there may be a few issues experienced in the documented particularly when managing individuals during information assortment not every person will give the right data and the analyst must be mindful so as to abstain from recording conflicting information that isn't helpful. Subsequent to picking the theme and distinguishing the difficult explanation, the scientist will proceed to search for any writing that is identified with the exploration subject. When this has been done, the articles will be looked into and comprehended getting the information previously gave and recognizing territories that can be enhanced. After the writing survey, the analyst needs to recognize the information assortment techniques that will be utilized. The information gathered will be both essential and auxiliary where the optional has been found from the writing. The essential information will be traversed watching utilizing surveys both open and close finished, having organized and unstructured meetings and furthermore the utilization of the Likert scale (http://jan. ucc. nau. edu/~mezza/nur390/Mod4/assortment/exercise. html). All these are valuable information assortment strategies. In directing such an exploration, it is essential to utilize both subjective and quantitative research apparatuses. The quantitative devices incorporate surveys; estimations and insights while the quantitative devices will incorporate perception (http://www. dobney. com/Research/qualitative_research. htm). This is really an ethnographic methodology. By consolidating the two apparatuses of research, the specialist will outdo information. The surveys will be investigated to dismiss the clearly problematic ones and right the appropriate responses that are self-evident. Irregularity will likewise prompt dismissal of surveys. The taped meetings will be tuned in to again and furthermore the composed explanations will be broke down. After the investigation, there will be the coding of the information. This is the translation part of the information. The scientist has understood that paying little heed to the order that one is partnered with, it is critical to utilize both subjective and quantitative information for getting valuable data (http://hej. sagepub. com/cgi/content/dynamic/54/3/347). One needs to investigate how to utilize the strategies accessible in every strategy for information assortment and pick the most proper relying upon the exploration subject and the utilization of research. The significance of companion survey has been uncovered to the specialist. An autonomous gathering is required in the advancement of an exploration venture since they give a new view into the examination (http://ww. jmir. organization/2004/3/e37). They give sentiments in regards to the strategies proposed to be utilized and furthermore help the analyst enhance the exploration subject and the difficult explanation. By posing inquiries in regards to time allotment and the accessibility of instruments to be utilized they help the scientist become reasonable in the composition of the exposition.

Saturday, July 18, 2020

Autocratic Leadership Guide Definition, Qualities, Pros Cons, Examples

Autocratic Leadership Guide Definition, Qualities, Pros Cons, Examples “If an actor comes to me and wants to discuss his character, I say, ‘It’s in the script.’ If he says, ‘But what’s my motivation?’ I say, ‘Your salary.’” â€" Alfred HitchcockAutocratic leadership tends to create a negative image of leadership to most people. Yet, while the leadership style is not generally favored in discussion and analysis, it is still a prevalent leadership style in modern corporate culture. But are the associations with control and power accurate, or do they represent a misleading image of this leadership theory? © Shutterstock | KotinIn this guide, we’ll examine autocratic leadership and what it has meant in the past. We’ll study the contexts in which it was born and look at how it is shaping the modern world. We’ll examine the core characteristic of the leadership style and provide you with the traits of an autocratic leader. We’ll also study the strengths and weaknesses of this style of leadership. Finally, we’ll explore a few examples of autocratic leadership to help you get a concrete idea of the benefits and failings of the style.UNDERSTANDING AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIPWhen it comes to leadership styles, autocratic leadership is among the most tried and tested examples of leadership. As the section will highlight, human history is full of autocratic leadership examples, but they are also available in the modern world. Both the past and the present have attempted to identify the essence of what autocratic leadership means.The history of autocratic leadershipIf you take a narrow loo k of the autocratic model, you can find examples of its use throughout history. Autocratic, or authoritarian, leadership has been utilized in tribes and empires throughout time and in different parts of the world.To understand autocratic leadership and its place in history, it’s beneficial to examine the origins of the word autocracy. The word has Greek roots, with the word reflecting independent and self-sustaining power. The word auto means self and cratic means rule. To lead autocratically, the Greeks thought a person must lead with self-confidence. The Greeks used the term autocrates to refer to emperors, whether or not the person necessarily held such power.The historical examples of autocratic leaders hold the key to understanding the type of leadership this model suggests. In the Roman Empire, the emperors were considered autocratic leaders; they held the power, controlled the strings to the system and made decisions without necessarily consulting with the public. Nonethele ss, it’s important to note, the leaders didn’t rule without considering the wellbeing of his subjects. In Ancient Greece, the autocratic leaders tried to keep the masses happy. One ruler called Pisistratus used the tactic of taking land away from the wealthy and providing it for the peasants.What the above shows is the important distinction between autocratic leadership and totalitarian dictatorships. While autocratic leadership has historically meant concentrated power, the autocratic leader still requires a surrounding power structure around them in order to operate. For example, autocracies in history have tumbled down rapidly, once the subjects have gathered enough support in changing the system.Generally, the basic premise throughout history has shown autocratic leadership relies on the non-existence of input from the subordinates in terms of making decisions. The leader is the one in charge of the final call, although he or she might have heard outside opinions from expert and even considered what the subordinates might want. But the final power is in the hands of the leader.If you examine the historical use of autocratic leadership, you can see it displayed in situations where control is vital to the survival of the status quo and decision-making has had to be swift. It’s therefore no wonder tribal leaders resorted to autocratic leadership, as it helped ensure the tribe’s success against other competing tribes.Furthermore, dangerous conditions, such as war and conflict, have required autocratic leadership. But aside of the military and political power using autocratic style, sports has also historically leaned towards the style.The modern context of autocratic leadershipUnlike certain other leadership theories, autocratic leadership has no defining book or theorist behind the model. It’s more of an organic leadership style, which has developed over time. The first time it was identified as a clear leadership style was during the 1930s, when a group of researchers published the first major study in leadership styles.Kurt Lewin, R. Lippit, and R. K. White published an essay Patterns of aggressive behavior in experimentally created social climates in the Journal of Psychology in 1939 outlining different leadership styles, among them autocratic or authoritarian style. According to Lewin and his colleagues, an autocratic leader would make decisions without consulting others and according to their research, this would create discontent within the group. Therefore, the study concluded the leadership style is suited for situations where input is not needed, for the decision wouldn’t change from the input. In short, if the outcome is the same, there’s no need to spend time discussion other options.Undoubtedly the democratic movements of the 18th and 19th centuries led to increasing participation of people in political decision-making in everyday life. This resulted in autocratic leadership being viewed rather more negatively and it received criticism in terms of keeping people or subordinates away from power.Nonetheless, it didn’t remove the autocratic leadership from the political, military, sports or business world. Even in the modern world, certain situations can benefit from the particular leadership style and there are examples in the business world where autocratic leadership is still used and could be used.Autocratic leadership is often used in three situations in the modern context:The leadership style suits situations that require fast and immediate decision-making. In the modern context and example would be a business that is performing badly and its performance requires an immediate change in order for the business to survive.The leadership style fits situations when the inability to make decisions or to apply a clear process of procedure might create more problems and even lead people in danger. The most obvious examples of this are the military, the police and the fire services, but it ca n also benefit situations such as health care or manufacturing.The leadership style can be used in situations where the group is full of inexperienced people and/or the motivation levels of the group are extremely poor. For example, if a business hires a lot of inexperienced staff at once, an autocratic model can help start the process with speed and ensure the staff is guided through the process.Ultimately, part of autocratic leadership style’s decline in favorability has been down to failings by certain autocratic leaders. For example, the US President Richard Nixon is often touted as an example of autocratic leader. But the backdoor deals, showcased by the New York Times and The Washington Post’s Pentagon Papers and Watergate expose, led to Nixon’s resignation and an overall sense of the failings of the autocratic style.Simultaneously, new leadership theories were coming out and these tended to focus more on personal development, wellbeing and participatory style of leading . You can see a short comparison between a few different leadership models in terms of authority in the below image. Adapted from Owings KaplanTHE CORE CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIPBefore we examine the core characteristics of autocratic leadership in terms of the four key characteristics of the theory and the way autocratic leadership can manifest, it’s auspicious to consider the theoretical basis of the leadership style: Douglas McGregor’s Theory X.Theory XAutocratic leadership style closely rests on the assumptions made in Douglas McGregor’s Theory X. The theory explains why people behave the way they do and if they are acting in a particular way, what kind of leadership style would be beneficial for them.The social psychologist studied human motivation and management in the 1960s and developed two distinct theories: Theory X and Theory Y. According to McGregor’s findings, leaders base their management style in the assumptions and beliefs of how they think the team can be motivated. If the leader assumes the team is not motivated and doesn’t enjoy the work, then the leader will adopt an authoritarian or autocratic style.The below image outlines the assumptions, both theories make about the subordinates and their motivation: Adapted from Business Case StudiesWhile McGregor criticized the Theory X type of management style, the psychologist also recognized that these types of subordinates exists and that certain environments would require an autocratic leadership style to succeed. For example, he suggested the style would work well in environments that require large-scale production or have a number of unskilled workers in place. The theory is, therefore, closely fitting with the autocratic leadership style and its suitability in specific environments and situations.If workers are unmotivated, unskilled and unsure about the procedure, the leader must take control over decision-making and be in charge of supervising the subordinates in order to achieve specific goals.The four key characteristicsThe quote by Alfred Hitchcock at the start of this guide is a rather good example of what is the essence of autocratic leadership. It shows that the leader (the director) is in charge of deciding the procedures and r ules, with the employee (actor) should just follow the orders and be contempt with the benefits they receive, often in terms of salary.In essence, the above example and therefore, the autocratic leadership is based on four key characteristics, which guide the leadership style. The four are:Limited or no input from the subordinates.The leader makes all the decisions.The leader is in charge of the rules, methods and processes the team uses to reach objectives.The group’s involvement in important tasks and decisions remains small or non-existent.Let’s examine these characteristics in action to get a better idea of what they  mean and perhaps more crucially, what they aren’t implying.First, the lack of input in terms of decision-making means the leader won’t necessarily consult with his or her subordinates when decisions are made, even if they involve the team and its members. The leader will consider the different options and make the decisions based on his or her own understan ding and judgment. For example, in a business environment, a decision to change working hours would be made by the leader instead of the group deciding what they want.It’s essential to understand this doesn’t necessarily mean the leader wouldn’t ask for input or consider the group’s wellbeing when making the decisions. As we’ll explain in the following section, consideration of the team is important, but the leader ultimately will be in charge of coming to a conclusion.Second, autocratic leadership gives the leader an enormous amount of power in deciding how the team operates, but this also means increasing responsibility and accountability. The leader will need to create the system, with all the rules and procedures, in which the team uses to operate and reach goals. If something is not working, the blame can easily fall on the shoulders of the leader and therefore, the leader must carefully implement his or her vision.Since the leader is in charge of the procedural rules and methods, autocratic leadership tends to come with increased scrutiny. Subordinates will be closely monitored by the leader, which puts pressure on them and makes the leader extremely involved in the day-to-day activities.But as the Theory X assumptions showed, autocratic leadership requires a strong reward structure implemented in the operational process. Subordinates aren’t just expected to work without a reward in the autocratic model, i.e. it shouldn’t be confused with a slave mentality. While the system is rather rigid, it does require a balance of benefits to guarantee workers are motivated. In autocratic leadership, these benefits are more likely to be monetary or other similar advantages rather than the ability to make decisions or participate in the leadership.Learn about when to use a authoritarian leadership style versus a transformational leadership style. Three manifestations of autocratic leadershipAutocratic leadership can manifest in different ways. It is the refore not completely rigid and different situations can influence how the organization and the leader implement the style. The three manifestations are:Directing autocratic leadershipPermissive autocratic leadershipPaternalistic autocratic leadershipThese three, while still showcasing the core characteristics of autocratic style, tend to use slightly different ways of approaching the flexibility within the decision-making process.The different varieties are explained in the following chart:Directing PermissivePaternalisticThe most common and the most rigid form of the basic autocratic leadership style.Subordinates are closely monitored and the leader is unlikely to consult subordinates in terms of decisions.A slightly more open autocratic leadership.While the leader is in charge of making the final decision, subordinates enjoy some flexibility in deciding themselves how to perform tasks.Uses the core characteristics of autocratic leadership, but balances them with concern over the wellbeing and happiness of the subordinates.In terms of examples from the real world, the directing autocratic leadership is evident in environments such as the military. These situations require a relatively rigid leadership style in which the subordinates are monitored to ensure no mistakes are made at any point of completing the tasks.On the other hand, permissive autocratic leadership can benefit industries such as film. While the director might be the person who makes the final decisions, actors can often use their own intuitiveness and creativity in terms of creating the kind of scenes the director wants.Finally, the paternalistic autocratic leadership can benefit environment such as the operating theatre. The surgeon must balance the wellbeing of the subordinates, because if people are not feeling stable or up to the challenge, they can risk the whole operation to go wrong. In this kind of autocratic style, the decisions are made with operational goals, as well as the emotion al wellbeing of the people performing the tasks, in mind.THE QUALITIES OF AN AUTOCRATIC LEADERAs the above section highlighted, autocratic leadership isn’t an easy style to lead. It requires a number of special skills and qualities of the leader. Autocratic leaders shouldn’t be considered the ones who shout the loudest, as this is simply bad leadership. Instead, the leadership style can be among the hardest to master.Required qualities and skills autocratic leaders needAn autocratic leader requires quite a few qualities to survive the difficulties the leadership style can bring about. Below is a set of must-have characteristics and skills that can make the style easier to master.ExpertiseAs autocratic leaders are in charge of the decision-making and the overall operational processes of the organization or the team, they must have high levels of expertise. The leader must have knowledge of the industry and the organization to ensure he or she is taking it in the right direction.E xpertise will not only guarantee the autocratic leader achieves the right results, but also helps gain support and trust with the subordinates. If the subordinates feel they are led by a talented and skilled individual, they will feel more relaxed and motivated to follow. It’s not as common to start questioning an individual with authority, if you feel they are highly experienced and knowledgeable in the field.Expertise can be gained in a number of ways, not least, by experience. A leader must have a good grasp of different levels of the organization and to understand how different parts operate. Therefore, experiencing these different roles and understanding what they entail will help with expertise and knowledge. While autocratic leaders are in charge of the decisions, listening to other opinions or reading more about the topics in question will broaden your understanding and make it easier to make those crucial decisions.[slideshare id=44440672doc=amodelfordevelopingleadershipe xpertise-150209074807-conversion-gate01w=640h=330]DrivenRelated to expertise is the autocratic leaders’ thirst for perfection and results. An autocratic leader must be determined and driven. Since the accountability relies on their shoulders, they must be ready for challenges and to overcome these with passion and precision.Being self-driven is not something that can necessarily be taught. Most successful leaders would argue the will to succeed has been burning since childhood. But there are certain things that can boost determination.First, you definitely want to find an area where your expertise blossoms and which you are passionate about. If you are passionate, you almost automatically become more focused on achieving things â€" whether or not you do so with success or fame in mind.Second, you can develop your confidence. If you trust your strengths will guide you through problems and you are confident in being stuck with difficult things, you will be more driven to get things done. If you are scared of taking responsibility, you are unlikely to feel driven by challenges.ResponsibleAutocratic leaders are in charge of everything and this burden of accountability means the leader must be ready to take on this responsibility and carry it. The weight of the decisions is not easy for the leader.Responsible leaders are leaders who can be trusted because they are accountable for their actions and decisions. It is another way an autocratic leader can gain trust and respect from the subordinates and can help set a motivational example for the rest of the team.A leader can showcase responsible behavior simply by sticking to his or her promises. If you’ve made a pledge to do something, then you should do it. Responsible behavior also requires consistency, just like an autocratic leadership. Autocratic leadership doesn’t allow for whimsical changes, but carefully considered and well-analyzed actions. Finally, as a leader, you must be accountable and avoid passing the blame to others. Keep in mind the quote, made famous by US President Harry S. Truman, “The buck stops here”. A leader cannot keep passing the responsibility on others, as they are ultimately in charge of the decisions.ConsistentAs mentioned above, another key quality of an autocratic leader is consistency. Since the leadership style can be rather difficult in terms of motivating the subordinates, an inconsistent approach to leadership could cause more confusion and resistance within the team. By ensuring the line, rules, and procedures stay the same, the leader can guarantee a more secure and calm work environment.If you need to enforce punishments, or indeed rewards, always do so with a consistent approach. Different employees can’t be treated differently because this leads to resentment and inequality within the group.In his blog post on consistency, James Clear advices people to not only focus on being consistent, but prepare for failure as well. An autocratic leader w ill make mistakes. But as Clear writes,“Planning to fail doesn’t mean that you expect to fail, but rather than you know what you will do and how you will get back on track when things don’t work out”.Take note of the below five steps of staying consistent, provided by Maria Forleo. These can help you gain more consistency in your leadership efforts and thus improve the way you are leading the troops. ClarityFinally, a crucial character of an autocratic leader is clarity, which is closely linked with the above idea of consistency. Although the autocratic leader makes the decisions, it doesn’t mean things must be done in secrecy. The ability to clearly explain the rules, the tasks and the processes will ensure subordinates are able to perform what is required of them to the highest standards. Clarity ensures consistency in the leader’s approach and can, therefore, help with workplace motivation.According to Brian Tracy, recognized sales training and personal success coach, clarity accounts for 80% of success. Whether or not the subordinates have power in making-decisions, understanding the vision, and the approach will make it easier for them to succeed. If they are explained what to do and how, and if they are aware of the rules and what happens if they break them, they can get on with the job without hesitation and confusion.As a leader, you need to outline the different aspects of work requirements that affect the person’s ability to do the job. Allow subordinates to ask questions and communicate the answers to them clearly when they do so.How to leverage autocratic leadership styleIn addition to the above leadership characteristics, an autocratic leader can leverage this demanding and often-difficult leadership style in three key steps.Step one: Show respect towards the teamAutocratic leadership is a rigid form of leadership in terms of rules and procedures; there isn’t often as much flexibility available as in other leadership models. But th is shouldn’t make the leader inflexible.While you might not allow subordinates to make the decisions or choose how they perform tasks, you want to ensure the rules are fair for everyone. Acknowledging everyone’s input, even though they are not in charge, is important in terms of creating a more motivating work environment.The best teams are built on respect and respect doesn’t necessarily mean everyone gets to make decisions. By showing to your subordinates that you value their work and the effort, you show them respect.Step two: Create an environment of communication and explanationClarity is a characteristic that requires good communication skills. You need to communicate with the employees openly and be willing to explain to them situations they might feel unsure about. “Just because I say so” is not a statement autocratic leaders should use, although it doesn’t mean you need to go around justifying every single decision either.When subordinates enter an autocratic le adership environment, they understand their own input to decisions is limited and that they don’t have the same flexibility in deciding how they perform things. But by explaining and communicating the rules that are in place, you make the environment clearer and supportive. As explained above, when the rules are clear, when the employees feel respected, and the communication lines are open, the employee is less likely to rebel and feel demoralized.One important aspect of communication is regarding changes in the organization or the operational procedures. As an autocratic leader, you might want to consider communicating about changes before they take place. This ensures subordinates have time to let the changes sink in, even though they know they might not be able to prevent them from happening. It gives them more time to adjust and the change won’t feel as frightening or sudden once it happens. Step three: Allow different opinionsFinally, you should allow different opinions to flourish within the organization. Autocratic leadership doesn’t require an environment where people can’t express themselves, voice out concerns or ask questions. Whilst the leader doesn’t have to listen to the opinions and suggestions or implement changes subordinates call for, allowing employees to voice them adds a sense of freedom to the workplace.Do create a regular environment where subordinates can talk and don’t reject a request for feedback outright. Whenever you are implementing a new process or introducing a new task, have a meeting where subordinates are able to talk about the topic. Try answering their concerns, but do make it clear the decision to implement them is in your hands.ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIPAs the above has shown, autocratic leadership can have slight variations in terms of how it manifests within an organization and even history has shown there to be different ways to implement the style. Autocratic leadership can there fore be a tricky leadership style and it does come with its own pros and cons. Advantages of autocratic leadershipOne of the strengths of autocratic leadership comes from the structure of the decision-making process which guarantees decisions are made quickly. As the leader alone is in charge of the decisions, the implementation of them can be swift. For organizations, this can mean enhanced efficiency and speed. You don’t need to wait for everyone to form an opinion and then to have a negotiation on what the next steps would be. Instead, the autocratic leader will use his or her expertise and judgment to make the decision.Autocratic leadership is therefore beneficial to industries and organizations that require quick thinking, such as healthcare. But it can further benefit smaller groups that are yet to properly organized like business start-ups. Actions often must be taken quickly and creating a vision for the business can be easier when someone is in charge of the decisions, instead of spending days or months to reach a consensus. Autocratic leadership can allow the organization to streamline its operations and make long-term survival a more viable option, especially in turbulent times.This quick thinking and decision-making process can benefit stressful or highly impactful situations as well. Therefore, it isn’t any wonder the military, the police and other first response institutions tend to favor some sort of autocratic leadership model. But during high stress times, the leadership style can provide relief for other industries and organizations as well. For instance, a business might be in the middle of a big merger and subordinates can continue focusing on their day-to-day tasks easily under a leadership model where they don’t need to worry themselves over the decisions or changes.Another operational advantage of autocratic leadership is the clarity it brings to group behavior. A solid autocratic system creates clearly defined guidelines and rules, with the decisions being in the hands of the leader. This ensures the subordin ates can just focus on the tasks they are provided with. Highly skilled individuals can put their energy in performing the duties they are most suited for without having to spend time in other less meaningful tasks and decisions. Subordinates ‘know their place’ and won’t need to worry about much.In situations where the leader is the most knowledgeable and has far more experience than the subordinates, consulting them for every decision would be wasteful. It wouldn’t just be about time spent on coming to a conclusion, but the leader would have to spend time educating the team about the different aspects of the decision. Furthermore, in industries where security and secrecy are paramount, certain information might not even be available to subordinates and this would not lead to efficient or correct decision-making.This is further enhanced by scrutiny of the individuals in certain situations, such as when the workforce is low skilled. For example, it can make new workers feel l ess worried about making mistakes, as they know guidance and supervision will ensure they are doing a good job.Disadvantages of autocratic leadershipYet, there are drawbacks to autocratic leadership style. During his experiments, Lewin also noted the autocratic style to be demoralizing at times. In his experiments, which asked a team to perform tasks under specific leadership models, the group under an autocratic leadership showed enhanced productivity, yet were joyless and showcased high levels of dependence and frustration.Since the subordinates have no say in decision-making, it can cause resentment within the group. If the person feels detached from the process, the willingness to perform well can deteriorate. Even if the employee is able to voice opinions, but these opinions are never listened to, the morale for showing up to work can decrease.As mentioned in the Lewin study, autocratic leadership can also have the negative impact of creating a dependency culture within an orga nization. People can get used to not having to make decisions, which leads to them starting to avoid decision-making, even when it might be necessary. The rigid environment can lead to a culture where subordinates do what they are told â€" nothing more, nothing less. In certain organizations, this can lead to loss of innovation and eventually create problems in terms of leadership succession. If people’s abilities are not tested, they might shy away or fail in positions of power later on.Dependency culture removes accountability and can de-motivate the person. This can mean there’s no desire to improve one’s skillset and train further in the field, providing benefits to the organization. On the other hand, the employees with the passion and desire to be heard and to highlight their talent will generally move away from the autocratic organization. As McGregor’s Theory Y explained, employees can be motivated in different ways. In fact, the theory assumes employees actively loo k for more responsibility and exercise self-control in achieving goals. In terms of autocratic leadership, this sort of thinking doesn’t sit well within the model.Autocratic leadership can, therefore, lead to a less creative and innovative environment. In an autocratic environment, there’s no room for competing ideas and decisions are generally not challenged. While opinions might be listened to, the leader might not use them. Since the decision-making relies on his or her shoulders, it’s easy to fall for the confirmation bias and simply follow the line already favored by the leader. This can mean interesting or even expert information is overlooked, which can mean the organization doesn’t perform to the highest of standards.Furthermore, autocratic leadership relies heavily on the competence of the leader. If the leader is knowledgeable and effective, then the organization will benefit. But it the leader is not as competent, the organization might suffer. In the words of the old saying, “you shouldn’t put all your eggs in one basket’. Relying on the leader alone for the correct decisions can be a dangerous path.For the person in charge, the amount of power available through the leadership style can present difficult dilemmas of balance. The saying, “drunk with power” has its basis in reality. If you are the one holding the strings, it’s possible to slip towards controlling and bossy behavior. Therefore, an autocratic leader has to be able to critically evaluate his or her own style at times.Finally, all of the above can mean diversity within the workplace reduces, as people who are conformist and fit the leader’s rules and leadership style are the ones that are attracted to the organization and willing to stay. Several studies have shown, diversity is an important part of creating a successful work environment and the lack of diversity can lead to lower levels of innovation.EXAMPLES OF FAMOUS AUTOCRATIC LEADERSUnderstanding the advantages and disadvantages of the autocratic leadership style is easier when you examine examples of autocratic leaders and companies. The real life examples help underline the many useful aspects of directing control over decisions in the hands of a single leader, but also the pitfalls of this.While it’s easy to point out the historic examples of autocratic leaders, such as Julius Caesar or Joseph Stalin, these examples don’t always paint a fair and balanced view of what the style of leadership can look like, especially in the modern world. In fact, many autocratic leaders have driven change and innovation in their respective industries, and not just been power-hungry and monstrous rulers. Henry Ford is a popular example of an autocratic leader, who changed society through his automobile development.Below are a few recent examples of autocratic leaders and organizations.Vince LombardiAs mentioned in the first section, autocratic leadership is a style often associated with the world of sports. It’s no wonder then to find a number of examples from sport coaches who used an autocratic style to reach the top. The US American football coach Vince Lombardi is a good example of an autocratic coach. He aimed for perfection and the pursuit of excellence, and emphasized the autocratic leadership values of discipline, respect and organization throughout his career.Lombardi was a coach who knew it takes discipline to win the National Football League (NFL) and he favored a specific system with his team. He wanted to implement strict rules and the team to follow on what he tells them to and victory would be within reach. In fact, his dedication to expertise and discipline made him win the six NFL Championships and two Super Bowls.You can learn more about the leadership of Vince Lombardi and what it takes to be a winner by watching the below video: Martha StewartA more recent example and especially in terms of the business world is Martha Stewart. She’s a businesswoman who truly built her success and business empire, which was failing at one point, with an attention to detail.For good and for bad, Stewart is told to scrutinize her employees with a magnifying glass and make sure everything is done according to her rules. She demands perfection from her subordinates, but the intense demands have helped create a successful enterprise in what is a competitive environment.Stewart has said, “I can be fair and decisive, and encouraging as well as demanding”. The statement highlights well the balance autocratic leadership has to strike in order to succeed. As the above has hopefully shown, autocratic leadership shouldn’t equate to tyranny in the workplace.Blue Cross of California / Leonard D. SchaefferThere have also been examples of organizations that implemented autocratic style at one point, with the autocratic leader often creating the environment. In some instances, the implementation of the style has been driven by an organizational need. This was the case in terms of Blue Cross of California.The company was in huge problems in 1986, performing the worst in the US of all the Blue Cross companies. Leonard D. Schaeffer came in with the simple goal: to turn things around.Schaeffer considered himself an autocratic leader and used the method during the early days in the company. In Harvard Business Review article, The Leadership Journey, he wrote about his approach:“When a business needs to change relatively quickly, it’s much more important to just make a decision and get people moving than it is to take the time to conduct a thorough analysis and attempt to influence others to come around to your way of thinking. Therefore, I would define the autocratic leader not as someone who bullies others needlessly but as the managerial equivalent of an emergency room surgeon, forced to do whatever it takes to save a patient’s life.”The New York Times / Howell RainesAnother organizational example is The New York Times under the Ex ecutive Editor, Howell Raines. Rained worked in his role from 2001 and 2003, with his leadership style being described as autocratic.In a rather infamous way, Raines’ leadership is best showcased through his “flooding the zone” policy, which meant the paper’s resources were used solely on the stories he deemed important to cover. Nonetheless, his leadership was effective in a highly demanding industry, where expertise can play a huge role in success. During Raines’ leadership, The New York Times won a record-breaking seven Pulitzer Prices in a single year.On the flip side, the staff moral lowered, as journalists saw their stories scrapped singlehandedly by Raines’ decisions. He exemplified the idea outlined by McGregor’s Theory X that employees are “lazy” and “lethargic”. Eventually, Raines’ autocratic leadership style only lasted for 21 months, after which he was fired.FINAL THOUGHTSAutocratic leadership is a leadership style that doesn’t have a good reput ation in today’s democratic and participatory work environment. The idea that one person would be in charge of the decisions and procedures can seem uncomfortable to many.But autocratic leadership shouldn’t be equated with tyranny. The autocratic leader of today is a passionate and driven individual, who wants the organization to succeed. Therefore, this requires understanding of what subordinates might want and autocratic culture doesn’t mean communication needs to be one-way. It simply places the final word for the leader’s corner.As we’ve seen above, autocratic leadership still has its benefits and therefore a place in today’s world. It can enhance decision-making and make the operational aspects of a business run smoother. A knowledgeable autocratic leader can provide innovative ideas to an organization and a team, creating a whole set of new ways to succeed â€" history has proven this is the case.Nonetheless, the leadership style also requires a great deal from the leader. Carrying the weight of an organization on your shoulders is not easy and the expertise required to make right decisions means the leader must be constantly willing and prepared to learn. Furthermore, being in charge of the decisions and scrutinizing subordinates closely can create a demoralizing environment. Different opinions, flexibility in procedures and the ability to think on your feet can be strengths for a company. In a tightly controlled environment, where power is concentrated, the autocratic model can also fail to inspire or change.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Streaming Media and Netflix - 1600 Words

Netflix is an American company that provides video rental and on demand video streaming by way of either the mail or streaming through the internet. The company was founded in 1997 in Silicon Valley California by Marc Randolph and Reed Hastings. The idea for this DVD rental service came about when Reed Hastings was charged with a late fee when renting a movie and he questioned why he should have a time restriction on how long he is able to rent the movie. In April of 1998, the Netflix website was launched and they developed the concept of unlimited rentals with no shipping fees or late fees. In September of 2002, an article in The New York Times article stated that Netflix had around almost 670,000 subscribers. At the end of 2002, the†¦show more content†¦Instead, three weeks later, an announcement was made that Netflix had changed their mind. They decided to go back on what they said and decided they were going to keep all their services under the one same name that everyon e was already familiar with after all. Steve Swasey, a representative for the company was quoted saying, â€Å"We underestimated the appeal of the single Web site and a single service.† This ended the creation of the idea of Qwikster but because of the confusing almost-name change that was soon reversed and the raised prices they lost close to 800,000 fewer subscribers. This number of lost customers came to a shock to almost everyone. This was the first significant decline the company experienced and is a clear example of a company making a decision without considering the public s interest and opinions causing a significant have an impact on their profits. Netflix is just one example of the impact of technology on American family life. Subscribers to Netflix can now video stream movies to their computers and television with one click. This shifts consumers from looking outside the home for entertainment to becoming more insular in their hobbies. A recent article in the New Y ork times cited how the former digital divide is closing and more poor American families are wired to use technology. This means that these families like the more affluent ones are spending less time together asShow MoreRelatedStreaming Media and Netflix10307 Words   |  42 Pages| 2012 | | Netflix Inc. Case Study | [Neflix case] | This study will assess strengths and weaknesses of Netflix Inc., and illustrate their position in the current marketplace for their given industry. Issues will be addressed, and recommendations will be made for the company to continue to succeed and grow in this industry. | Table of Contents Table of Contents History Mission Vision SWOT/TOWS Strategic Type Generic StrategyRead MoreStreaming Media and Netflix Essay3241 Words   |  13 PagesConclusion 16 Appendix 1: Top 200 Titles 17 Appendix 2: BCG Growth-Share Matrix 17 References 17 Executive summary * Netflix is the current leader in the online video entertainment business. They gained first mover advantage with their home delivery DVD rental system, eliminating the traditional brick and mortar competitors such as Blockbuster and Movie Gallery. Netflix received brand loyal customers through their low monthly prices, the easy to use movie selection navigation software and theirRead MoreNetflix Is An American Provider Of On Demand Internet Streaming Media2269 Words   |  10 PagesNetflix is an American provider of on demand Internet streaming media available to North and South America, the Caribbean, United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland, the Netherlands, etc. and provide flat rate DVD by-mail in the United States, where mailed DVDs are sent via permit reply mail. Online streaming service and DVD delivery service are the two main product lines for Netflix. Netflix’s core product is a service. They had started the subscription based digital distributionRead MoreNetflix : An International Provider Of On Demand Internet Streaming Media933 Words   |  4 Pagesannounced canceled. But Netflix has agreed to pick up the show and air it’s new season in 2016. Netflix Inc. â€Å"is an international provider of on-demand Internet streaming media available to viewers in all of North and South America, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and parts of Europe† (Wikipedia, 2015). Degrassi was only aired in Canada and the United States, but now that Netflix has agreed to pick up the show, the show will be given the opportunity to be watched by Netflix subscribers around the worldRead MoreNetflix Is An American Multinational Provider For On Demand Internet Streaming Media And Flat Rate Dvd Rentals1647 Words   |  7 PagesNetflix is an American multinational provider for on-demand internet streaming media and flat rate DVD rentals by mail service. The company was established in 1997 by Marc Ran dolph and is based out of Los Gatos, California. The company began as a subscription-based service in 1999 that was at the time limited to DVD rentals. In April of 2011, Netflix had over 23 million subscribers in the US and over 26 million worldwide. As of January 2016, Netflix has reported that it has 74 million subscribersRead MoreCommunications Plan: Netflix1406 Words   |  6 PagesNetflix is recovering from one of the worst self-inflicted corporate marketing gaffes in years. After years of offering an excellent value to customers purchasing its unlimited single DVD and streaming services for only $9.99 a month, Netflix unexpectedly announced that it would be completely separating its DVD service from its streaming service, causing a price increasing of 60% to $15.98 for customers who wanted to keep both services. Overnight, Netflix angered many of its very loyal customersRead MoreStreaming Media and Video Content1055 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Internal Rivalry Looking strictly at the video rental industry, Netflix faces minimal internal rivalry because the industry is dominated by only a handful of firm in Europe, namely Blockbuster. Although Netflix faces little internal rivalry in its immediate industry, the company faces an intensely competitive broader market. Since home entertainment covers a broad spectrum of technologies and channels of distribution, Netflix is in direct competition with firms in a number of other industriesRead MoreNetflix : Delivering Value Through Innovation1226 Words   |  5 PagesNetflix: Delivering Value through Innovation Netflix, â€Å"the company that revolutionized watching of movies and TV shows (Netflix Media Center, n.d.)† began in 1997 with CEO Reed Hastings creating an online based DVD subscription service. It quickly became a success through its low cost, fast delivery times and proprietary queue. The company went public in 2002 and continued to expand its membership and in 2007 introduced its online streaming service. Netflix currently boasts, â€Å"over 81 million membersRead MoreNetflix Case Study943 Words   |  4 Pagesin technology, rights management, and the slow, but steady, move away from physical Media. Companies such as Netflix, Hulu, RedBox, and Blockbuster are being forced to look at new business models and try to keep up with these changes. Assignment Questions 1. How strong are the competitive forces in the movie rental marketplace? Do a ï ¬ ve-forces analysis to support your answer. Threat of New Competition: Netflix has almost zero threat of new competition. Any new competition would have to overcomeRead MoreTaking a Look at Netflix1309 Words   |  5 Pages Introduction Netflix is an American provider of on-demand Internet streaming media providing entertainment media like movies and television shows through Internet accessible to viewers in North America South America and some region in Europe such as Sweden, Finland, Ireland etc. and DVD by mail in the United States. Netflix was founded in Scotts Valley, California, in August of 1997 by Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph. It was Hasting’s idea when he was forced to pay overdue charges on a videotape

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Classroom Reflection - 702 Words

As stated in Everston Emmer â€Å"teachers who have good rapport with their students get better cooperation and have a more positive classroom climate† (2017, pp 12). As in life, building strong relationships allows all parties to interact with meaning and learn from each other. When teaching there are two parties that are very different that you are trying to work along and ensure that each has the knowledge and support they need to feel comfortable with you as a teacher and a mentor to their children. Each teacher has different strengths that allow them to connect with their students and engage in learning. Some of my strengths that would be brought to the classroom, and why I feel I would do best with a younger population are my openness,†¦show more content†¦This mastery of the lesson is going to come differently to every student, so it is important to work beyond the first lesson, and teach in different ways to ensure the mastery. Lastly, self-management, or ho w a teacher projects them self to the classroom is one of the most important ways to create and maintain positive relationships. As stated in Everston Emmer â€Å"facework is more than establishing and maintaining public identity; it also includes actions or communications that are sensitive to the â€Å"face† that others exhibit† (2017, pp 18) As a teacher what the children see of you who is they project you to be, so maintaining a consistent demeanor and relationship is paramount. Describe three strategies you can use to help build positive and supportive relationships with families. Provide specific examples and citations to support your choices. Communication with families is one of the most important and under taught aspects of teaching. The family is who the child will go home to and work on their school, or tell their family what they have learned during the day. Parents can provide vital feedback to how you are coming across to the students and what additional help or guidance they need. One way to get this feedback from teachers is either a monthly or weekly letter to parents asking for feedback, or a survey they can fill out anonymously. As stated in Wong Wong â€Å"the teacher must be a decision maker, able to translate the research andShow MoreRelatedReflection On The Classroom Observation1469 Words   |  6 PagesClassroom Observations Introduction I chose to observe Mrs. Tijerina for my classroom observation. There are many reasons why I decided to observe Mrs. Tijerina. I elected to observe Mrs. Tijerina so I could see another teacher’s perspective on teaching Spanish, as she and Mrs. Fiechter are the only Spanish teachers in the school. Furthermore, I never had Mrs. Tijerina for Spanish 2, as the teacher I had left Adams Central. Additionally within the hour I was observing, there were many sophomoreRead MoreReflection On Classroom Management1181 Words   |  5 PagesThis assignment asks for â€Å"one particular memorable classroom or school situation when you were a student that if you had been the teacher, you would have handled differently. As the teacher in that setting, how would you have brought resolution to the conflict?† I decided to approach this assignment with some liberties of a self-reflection of my own personal classroom management as a substitute teacher this previous Tuesday, October 31, 20 17, in singular 9th grade Algebra class in which authorityRead MoreA Reflection On Classroom Management1704 Words   |  7 Pagesmale students and 36% female students. No inclusion students or aides were present in these classes. I. Classroom Management Classroom management is defined as the â€Å"techniques used to maintain a healthy living environment, relatively free of behavior problems† (Woolfolk). Classroom management is a combination of four areas: seatwork, organization, withitness and assignments. Seatwork in classroom management involves making sure that the work given to students will keep them interested and on taskRead MoreClassroom Reflection1144 Words   |  5 Pagescame in and immediately stated that â€Å"Science is not about beliefs, but about accepting the theories and laws that have supporting evidence.† She waited a few moments, and once again, repeated the same phrase; when she finished, she said â€Å"In this classroom, we will not question anyone’s faith or beliefs; we will, however, will focus on gathering evidence and understanding the underlying principles of the theory of evolution.† Throughout the semester, as I encountered ideas that were inconsistent andRead MoreClassroom R eflection1500 Words   |  6 Pagesas to how to become a better educator in a classroom setting. Through the data I collected I was able to connect Borich’s Seven Variables of learning to the students. By being in the clinical setting for nearly two months, I have been exposed to new ways of thinking when it comes to structuring a classroom and instructing a classroom. Within this reflection you will find out how I would better plan an effective lesson for the pupils in my future classroom. You will also discover what I will do aboutRead MoreClassroom Reflection1017 Words   |  5 Pagesconcepts that will stick with me for years. I learned that there are many ways in which to facilitate peer learning that doesn’t just mean talking to people from a PowerPoint. There are fun and new ways that we can present and engage learning within a classroom. I also learned that facilitating peer learning means a lot more than just listening to what the students must say or just talking at them. Facilitating peer learning encompasses everything from having to help give ideas to peers that they mightRead MoreClassroom Reflection1256 Words   |  6 PagesMy experience was informational. I was able to see how my students are inside the classroom environment with my teacher how they are in art. I was also able to observe another classroom and see how they differ from my class. All of these are completely different spaces where the children act differently. Comparing these different environments provided a unique insight into how these children act differently depending on who is around. Having been with these children a lot now, I have the abilityRead MoreClassroom Reflection739 Words   |  3 Pages Although my principal observed my classroom instruction as mandated, she never visited my classroom again. When she retired at the end of my sixth-year teaching, my principal had not formally evaluated in years. Mercy’s current principal arrived in the fall of 2012, and she made plans to visit classrooms regularly. I was initially nervous, but I felt hopeful at the same time. She frequently performed informal walk-throughs, and she conducted formal classroom observations that year. UnfortunatelyRead MoreClassroom Reflection809 Words   |  4 Pageshelpful with engagement in the classroom. The Industrial Tic Tac Toe caught my eyes because I am actually using it to complete this assignment and it gives me complete autonomy over my work, which is the point. When trying to engage students, I learned from the guidelines, is that you should give your students autonomy and when you give them choices, theyre more willing to engage. Using the Tic Tac Toe assignment is a good way for engagement. When I have my classroom of 6th graders, I want to useRead MoreClassroom Reflection1018 Words   |  5 Pagesthat were taking place in the classroom. Before the class started, however, she introduced me to the class for the sake of making the children comfortable with my presence around them. The time that I spent in the classroom was enough for me to make a right amount of critical observations. I managed to get a lesson plan from her, which contained the learning outcomes that she aimed to achieve by the end of the lesson. Through observing what was happening in the classroom and how she conducted her class

The Early 1800’s, The Dawn of a New Era Had Begun Free Essays

By the early 1800†³s, the dawn of a new era had begun. Family and home life was changing as well as the communities around them. There was a fast growing need to produce products like clothing, quickly and efficiently. We will write a custom essay sample on The Early 1800’s, The Dawn of a New Era Had Begun or any similar topic only for you Order Now This new era brought about the mechanical industry that created factories, which could meet this need. But who would work in these factories if the men were moving west? By the 1840†³s the necessity to find workers for these factories had produced major social changes-changes which carry on until today. Before this time, most all clothing was spun and woven in the home by women. But by the 1840†³s, most was produced in factories set up in what were referred to as mill towns. Lowell Massachusetts was one such town. This change created a whole new idea of what women†s duties were, domestic or money earning laborers? Women had previously only been seen as domestic and having one goal, that of being a housewife. Their move into town to provide a workforce for the clothing factories sparked controversy in many eyes. Some people branded them â€Å"mill girls† who were doomed and unmarriable. Others thought of them as adventurers, with the fancy of bringing new fashions, books and ideas home with them. But the statistics show the average working life at a Lowell factory was only three years. Many of the women who returned home were sick and never married, because they were characterized by â€Å"she has worked in a factory†. In the factories, women were looked down upon–seen only as people who flowed in to the factory day in and day out earning their keep, spinning and weaving for the rest of their lives. They were not worthy of earning an education, and were considered socially and intellectually inept. As time went by, the bigotry began to wear away. The factories flourished with women who had wisdom and potential. One man who visited one of the mills was noted to have bowed to all the women in the mill, This sign of respect was usually reserved for ladies whom society regarded as upper class. As time wore on, â€Å"mill girls† were eventually heeded as ladies, women worth of respect. Eventually, people started noticing that the â€Å"mill girls† were spending their free time bettering themselves. Many had circles of natural selection that allowed them to cultivate and stimulate their minds. They filled the churches, libraries and lecture halls. Many of the women were highly respected by clergyman and lecturers. They testified that the women†s spirits were high along with their intellect. Inevitably, women were encouraged to finish school and reach for goals. This shows a change in how women were perceived. They were no longer lone mill workers without anything to offer society; each was an individual with purpose and worth. Though this was happening, the conditions of the factories were not changing. The Lowell factories provided boarding houses for the women, each housing up to sixty girls. To onlookers, the houses were so charming that many came to visit just to see how the women lived. The perceptions of outsiders were that the women worked and lived in great conditions. They enjoyed their jobs and were hearty and content, but this was not the case. The women often worked twelve or more hours a day and were only allowed up to an hour and forty-five minutes for meals, depending on the time of year. The factories were not properly ventilated and poorly lit. Eliza R. Hemmingway recalls that at any given time six or more women were out due to illnesses. . Miss Sarah G. Bagley submitted the first petition to the Lowell Corporation that was signed by Mr. John Quincey Adams Thayer, and eight hundred and fifty others. This petition called for improvements in the overall working conditions within the factories. These demands for better conditions lit a spark that was the beginning of what is a modern day OSHA, a systematic law for all employers and employees. The corporation acknowledged that their demands were reasonable and considerable, but believed they were not the source for solving the problems the mill workers faced. They felt that the workers in a capitalistic system had their own bargaining power and were equal to management. As a result, the Massachusetts Legislature did not pass into law the provisions outlined in the petition. Around this same time poor immigrants started pouring into the United States by the thousands. They became willing workers, not complaining about conditions as the native workers did. Could this be why the corporation did not meet the women†s needs? The immigrants would be happy to take over the jobs for less money and in the same conditions. What does this say for the corporation? Were they steering away from caring the women working in their factories, or was it just easier to use immigrants? Or maybe, they feared the switching of women†s class and roles in society? They were not ready for women of independence and means. Regardless, society now had to deal with a more independent, self-assured working class woman. No longer needed to fill the entry level, low-paying jobs in the mills, and no longer interested in going back home to be homemakers, women entered society as productive members of the workforce. This transition is still taking place today. How to cite The Early 1800’s, The Dawn of a New Era Had Begun, Essay examples

The Early 1800’s, The Dawn of a New Era Had Begun Free Essays

By the early 1800†³s, the dawn of a new era had begun. Family and home life was changing as well as the communities around them. There was a fast growing need to produce products like clothing, quickly and efficiently. We will write a custom essay sample on The Early 1800’s, The Dawn of a New Era Had Begun or any similar topic only for you Order Now This new era brought about the mechanical industry that created factories, which could meet this need. But who would work in these factories if the men were moving west? By the 1840†³s the necessity to find workers for these factories had produced major social changes-changes which carry on until today. Before this time, most all clothing was spun and woven in the home by women. But by the 1840†³s, most was produced in factories set up in what were referred to as mill towns. Lowell Massachusetts was one such town. This change created a whole new idea of what women†s duties were, domestic or money earning laborers? Women had previously only been seen as domestic and having one goal, that of being a housewife. Their move into town to provide a workforce for the clothing factories sparked controversy in many eyes. Some people branded them â€Å"mill girls† who were doomed and unmarriable. Others thought of them as adventurers, with the fancy of bringing new fashions, books and ideas home with them. But the statistics show the average working life at a Lowell factory was only three years. Many of the women who returned home were sick and never married, because they were characterized by â€Å"she has worked in a factory†. In the factories, women were looked down upon–seen only as people who flowed in to the factory day in and day out earning their keep, spinning and weaving for the rest of their lives. They were not worthy of earning an education, and were considered socially and intellectually inept. As time went by, the bigotry began to wear away. The factories flourished with women who had wisdom and potential. One man who visited one of the mills was noted to have bowed to all the women in the mill, This sign of respect was usually reserved for ladies whom society regarded as upper class. As time wore on, â€Å"mill girls† were eventually heeded as ladies, women worth of respect. Eventually, people started noticing that the â€Å"mill girls† were spending their free time bettering themselves. Many had circles of natural selection that allowed them to cultivate and stimulate their minds. They filled the churches, libraries and lecture halls. Many of the women were highly respected by clergyman and lecturers. They testified that the women†s spirits were high along with their intellect. Inevitably, women were encouraged to finish school and reach for goals. This shows a change in how women were perceived. They were no longer lone mill workers without anything to offer society; each was an individual with purpose and worth. Though this was happening, the conditions of the factories were not changing. The Lowell factories provided boarding houses for the women, each housing up to sixty girls. To onlookers, the houses were so charming that many came to visit just to see how the women lived. The perceptions of outsiders were that the women worked and lived in great conditions. They enjoyed their jobs and were hearty and content, but this was not the case. The women often worked twelve or more hours a day and were only allowed up to an hour and forty-five minutes for meals, depending on the time of year. The factories were not properly ventilated and poorly lit. Eliza R. Hemmingway recalls that at any given time six or more women were out due to illnesses. . Miss Sarah G. Bagley submitted the first petition to the Lowell Corporation that was signed by Mr. John Quincey Adams Thayer, and eight hundred and fifty others. This petition called for improvements in the overall working conditions within the factories. These demands for better conditions lit a spark that was the beginning of what is a modern day OSHA, a systematic law for all employers and employees. The corporation acknowledged that their demands were reasonable and considerable, but believed they were not the source for solving the problems the mill workers faced. They felt that the workers in a capitalistic system had their own bargaining power and were equal to management. As a result, the Massachusetts Legislature did not pass into law the provisions outlined in the petition. Around this same time poor immigrants started pouring into the United States by the thousands. They became willing workers, not complaining about conditions as the native workers did. Could this be why the corporation did not meet the women†s needs? The immigrants would be happy to take over the jobs for less money and in the same conditions. What does this say for the corporation? Were they steering away from caring the women working in their factories, or was it just easier to use immigrants? Or maybe, they feared the switching of women†s class and roles in society? They were not ready for women of independence and means. Regardless, society now had to deal with a more independent, self-assured working class woman. No longer needed to fill the entry level, low-paying jobs in the mills, and no longer interested in going back home to be homemakers, women entered society as productive members of the workforce. This transition is still taking place today. How to cite The Early 1800’s, The Dawn of a New Era Had Begun, Essay examples